Garimpeiros returned to retrieve their lost loot and colleagues. Durante la maggior parte dell'anno, le piogge in tutto il paese sono abbondanti a causa della presenza della Zona di Convergenza Intertropicale e delle sue potenti celle temporalesche. The first French establishment is recorded in 1503, but France did not establish a durable presence until colonists founded Cayenne in 1643. Starting in 1960, the Tour of Guiana, an annual multiple stage bicycle race, is held. Formato. The Guiana Amazonian Park, which is the largest national park in the European Union,[4] covers 41% of French Guiana's territory. It is largely responsible for the rapid population growth of French Guiana. Eventuelle ændringer i den svenske original vil blive fanget igennem regelmæssige genoversættelser. Guyana (oficialment: Co-operative Republic of Guyana) és una república de la costa septentrional de l'Amèrica del Sud.Constitueix la part occidental de l'extensa regió de la Guaiana i limita amb Surinam a l'est, amb el Brasil al sud i a l'oest, amb Veneçuela a l'oest i amb l'oceà Atlàntic al nord. However, after each operation ends, Brazilian miners, garimpeiros [fr], return. WikiZero Özgür Ansiklopedi - Wikipedia Okumanın En Kolay Yolu . Île du Diable (Devil's Island) was the site of a small prison facility, part of a larger penal system by the same name, which consisted of prisons on three islands and three larger prisons on the mainland. [25], In 2017, the GDP of French Guiana at market exchange rates was US$5.18 billion (€4.59 billion),[2] ranking as the largest economy in the Guianas, and the 11th largest in South America. As a French Overseas department, French Guiana is not a member of the Pan American Sports Organization; rather, athletes compete within the French National Olympic and Sports Committee and are governed by the Ligue d'Athlétisme de la Guyane, a sub-unit of the Fédération française d'athlétisme. Franco della Guyana francese fuori corso; Stati: Guyana francese: Frazioni: 100 centime: Monete: 5 e 10 centime Banconote: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 500, 1 000 e 5 000 franchi 1, 5, 10, 50 e 100 nuovi franchi Periodo di circolazione: 1888 - 2002: Sostituita da: Euro dal 1º gennaio 2002: Tasso di cambio Agganciata a: Franco francese A Data for the four overseas departments of French Guiana, Martinique, Guadeloupe, and Réunion, not including the new overseas department of Mayotte. If the file has been modified from its original state, some details may not fully reflect the modified file. [20] Located within six degrees of the Equator and rising only to modest elevations, French Guiana is hot and oppressively humid all year round. The military there is currently 1,900 strong, expected to increase enrollment in 2014–2015.[42]. The Hmong people are also largely Catholic owing to the influence of missionaries who helped bring them to French Guiana. This single French department has at least 98% of vertebrate fauna and 96% of vascular plants as found in all of France and its overseas territories. Soil acidity is another cause of the poor soils, and it requires farmers to add lime to their fields. Nel XIX secolo furono emesse monete in biglione dal valore di 5 e 10 centime. It is now part of the European space industry and has had commercial success with such launches as the Ariane 4 and Ariane 5. It was intended to replace the Sahara base in Algeria and stimulate economic growth in French Guiana. [5] Illegal and ecologically destructive gold mining by Brazilian garimpeiros is a chronic issue in the remote interior rain forest of French Guiana. Infatti era abitata da coloni provenienti dal subcontinente indiano, da neri africani e da alcuni europei, soprattutto provenienti dalla Gran Bretagna. Tourism. Slavery was abolished in the colonies at the time of the French Revolution. It is ranked first in suicides per capita worldwide. Guyana, officielt Den Kooperative Republik Guyana (engelsk: Co-operative Republic of Guyana), er et land i det nordlige Sydamerika. French Guiana sends two deputies to the French National Assembly, one representing the commune (municipality) of Cayenne and the commune of Macouria, and the other representing the rest of French Guiana. French Guiana was originally inhabited by indigenous people: Kalina, Arawak, Galibi, Palikur, Teko, Wayampi and Wayana. Confina a nord con l' oceano Atlantico , a est con la Guyana francese , a sud con il Brasile e a ovest con la Guyana . Soon afterward the book was adapted for a Hollywood film of the same name. Built in 1969, it replaced the old harbour of Cayenne which was congested and could not cope with modern traffic. Around one-third of the people (230,000) live in the capital, Georgetown. Itt található a Guyana Űrközpont. The bridge was officially opened on March 18, 2017. However, the 1794 decree was only implemented in Saint-Domingue, Guadeloupe and Guyane: it was a dead letter in Senegal, Mauritius and Reunion. There are many rivers in French Guiana, including the Waki River. Roughly 14% of the population is of European ancestry. French Guiana is divided into 2 arrondissements and 22 communes: French Guiana's main international airport is Cayenne – Félix Eboué Airport, located in the commune of Matoury, a southern suburb of Cayenne. Le Republica Cooperative de Guyana (Co-operative Republic of Guyana) es un pais de America del Sud situate in le plateau del Guyanas. Article 49 of the law proposed the creation of a single organization responsible for environmental conservation in French Guiana. The Co-operative Republic of Guyana is a country in South America. The main Maroon groups are the Saramaca, Aucan (both of whom also live in Suriname), and Boni (Aluku). Its president is Rodolphe Alexandre. The President of France appoints a prefect (resident at the prefecture building in Cayenne) as his representative to head the local government of French Guiana. [citation needed], In the late 1970s and early 1980s, several hundred Hmong refugees from Laos immigrated to French Guiana, fleeing displacement after the communist takeover of Laos by Pathet Lao in 1975. French Guiana is the only territory of the mainland Americas to have full integration in a European country. Unemployment has been persistently high in the last few decades: 20% to 25% (22.3% in 2012). Etimología. After French Guiana was established as a penal colony, officials sometimes used convicts to catch butterflies. The territory of the park covers some 33,900 km2 (13,090 sq mi) upon the communes of Camopi, Maripasoula, Papaïchton, Saint-Élie and Saül. La Guyana francese ha un clima di foresta pluviale tropicale predominante. It abandoned its colony status and once again became a French department in 1946. Venezuela claims the land west of the Essequibo River as part of Guayana Esequiba. Nonostante sia parte del territorio del Sud… Etimología. Such a district is equivalent to a county in the United States. És l'entitat política més petita del continent sud-americà (Surinam n'és l'estat independent més petit). The sentences of the convicts were often long, and the prospect of employment very weak, so the convicts caught butterflies to sell in the international market, both for scientific purposes as well as general collecting. During most of the year, rainfall across the country is heavy due to the presence of the Intertropical Convergence Zone and its powerful thunderstorm cells. During the 1970s, following the French withdrawal from Vietnam in the 1950s and warfare conducted in the region by the United States, France helped resettle thousands of Hmong refugees from Laos to French Guiana. 5,500 plant species have been recorded, including more than a thousand trees, along with 700 species of birds, 177 species of mammals, over 500 species of fish including 45% of which are endemic and 109 species of amphibians. Inflection of Guyana (Kotus type 12/kulkija, no gradation) nominative Guyana — genitive Guyanan — partitive Guyanaa — illative Guyanaan — singular plural nominative Guyana — accusative nom. They were called early after the government of President David A. Granger lost a vote of no confidence by a margin of 33–32 on 21 December 2018, the government having held a one-seat majority since the 2015 elections.However, one of its own MPs, Charrandas Persaud of the Alliance for Change (AFC), voted with the opposition. A lakosság 90%-a a partvidéken tömörül. An asphalted road from Régina to Saint-Georges de l'Oyapock (a town by the Brazilian border) was opened in 2004, completing the road from Cayenne to the Brazilian border. Republik Kooperatif Guyana, dahulu bernama Guyana Britania, adalah sebuah negara di pesisir utara Amerika Selatan.Guyana merupakan satu-satunya negara di kawasan itu yang menetapkan bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa resminya. French Guiana, as part of France, forms part of the European Union – the largest landmass for an area outside of Europe (since Greenland left the European Community in 1985), with one of the longest EU external boundaries. Francesi Guyana es un transmarin département e region de Francia.It es situat in li nord-ost de Sud-America al Atlántic Ocean.Francesi Guyana es parte de Francia e per to membre del Europan Union e del NATO.Li oficial lingue es francesi e li valuta es li Euro.. Francesi-Guyana have 239.648 (2012) e un area de 83.534 quadrat-kilometres. An Guyane (tawag ha Ininglis: French Guiana; Kinatsila ngan daan nga Winaray: Guyana Francesa; alternatibo nga kasurat ha Winaray: Guyana Fransesa) amo an usa ka departamento ha tabok-han-dagat ngan rehiyon ha nasod han Fransya.An prefektura o kapital hini amo an Cayenne.. An opisyal nga ngaran ha Frinanses Guyane kundi ha kadaan nga kagamit, gindugngan ini han adhetibo nga française. Il Suriname è lo Stato più piccolo del Sudamerica in termini di estensione territoriale, se si esclude la Guyana francese, dipartimento d'oltremare della Francia. Dear Land of Guyana, of Rivers and Plains, "Parliament of the Co-operative Republic of Guyana", "Preventing suicide: A global imperative", "Why Does Guyana Have The Highest Suicide Rate In The World? Guyana francese o Guiana francese (in francese Guyane) è un dipartimento d'oltremare dell'America del Sud confinante a sud e ad est col Brasile, ad ovest col Suriname e si affaccia a nord sull'Oceano Atlantico.. Da sapere []. Lingua creola della Guyana francese: Codici di classificazione; ISO 639-3: gcr (EN) Glottolog: guia1246 (EN) Estratto in lingua; Dichiarazione universale dei diritti umani, art. It has a very low population density, with only 3.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (9.1/sq mi). The French Guiana Honor Division is the main football club tournament. The total fertility rate in French Guiana has remained high and is today considerably higher than that of metropolitan France, as well as most of the other French overseas departments. The Guianese Socialist Party dominated politics in French Guiana until 2010. ), The RSMAG Regiment (Adapted Military Service) of Guyana, located in, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 19:51. Threats to the ecosystem are: habitat fragmentation from roads, which remains very limited compared to other forests of South America; immediate and deferred impacts of EDF's Petit-Saut Dam; gold mining; poor control of hunting and poaching, facilitated by the creation of many tracks; and the introduction of all-terrain vehicles. The people identified as Lokono. French Guiana (/ ɡ i ˈ ɑː n ə / or / ɡ i ˈ æ n ə /; French: Guyane) is an overseas department and region of France on the northern Atlantic coast of South America in the Guianas.It borders Brazil to the east and south and Suriname to the west. Guyana's current president is Irfaan Ali. The country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for French Guiana is .gf, but .fr is generally used instead. In most parts of French Guiana, rainfall is always heavy especially from December to July – typically over 330 millimetres or 13 inches can be expected each month during this period throughout the department. Fransk Guyana (eller Guiana, Guyane eller Guyane française på fransk) er et oversøisk fransk departement (département et région d'outre-mer, DOM-ROM) [1].Guyana ligger på den caribiske kyst i Sydamerika.Hovedstaden i Fransk Guyana hedder Cayenne.Fransk Gyuana er ligsom Martinique og Guadeloupe en den del af DOm og e tilhører dermed EU området. Martinique had been conquered by the British, who maintained slavery there.[9]. Guyana, oficiálním názvem Guyanská kooperativní republika (anglicky Co-operative Republic of Guyana), je stát v Jižní Americe.Jeho sousední státy jsou Brazílie, Surinam a Venezuela.Je jediným státem Commonwealthu na jihoamerické pevnině. The Musée de l'Espace is a museum devoted to space and space exploration. The official language of French Guiana is French, and it is the predominant language of the department, spoken by most residents as a first or second language. Several small islands are found off the coast, the three Salvation's Islands which include Devil's Island, and the isolated Îles du Connétable bird sanctuary further along the coast towards Brazil. Guyana berbatasan dengan Suriname di sebelah timur, Brasil di selatan, Venezuela di barat, dan Samudra Atlantik di utara. It lies within three ecoregions: Guayanan Highlands moist forests, Guianan moist forests, and Guianan mangroves. The Guiana Space Centre, located a short distance along the coast from Kourou, has grown considerably since the initial launches of the Véronique rockets. There is one elected, local executive body, the Assemblée de Guyane.[37]. Other groups from Asia include East Indians, Lebanese and Vietnamese. The main groups living in the interior are the Maroons who are of African descent, and Amerindians. Almost all of French Guiana's imports and exports pass through the port of Dégrad des Cannes. Estimates of the percentages of French Guiana ethnic composition are difficult to produce due to the presence of a large proportion of immigrants. Guiana officially rallied to Free France in 1943. Yé dwé di rézon é di konsyans, é divèt aji roun pou ròt annan roun lèspri di fraténité. The vast majority of these are of French ancestry, though there are also people of Dutch, British, Spanish and Portuguese ancestry. Translations in context of "Guyana francese" in Italian-English from Reverso Context: La specie è stata rinvenuta nella Guyana francese. [5] More recently, French Guiana has received large numbers of Brazilian and Haitian economic migrants. The territory of Inini consisted of most of the interior of French Guiana when it was created in 1930. Tourism, especially eco-tourism, is growing. Following the Grenelle Environment Round Table of 2007, the Grenelle Law II was proposed in 2009, under law number 2010–788. Il centro cittadino è dominato dal monte Cépérou (105 m s.l.m. The resulting ashes elevate soil pH (i.e., lower soil acidity), and contribute minerals and other nutrients to the soil. Guiana procede del término amerindio tierra de muchas aguas. Other mountains include Mont Machalou (782 m, 2,566 ft), Pic Coudreau (711 m, 2,333 ft), Mont St Marcel (635 m, 2,083 ft), Mont Favard (200 m, 660 ft) and Montagne du Mahury (156 m, 512 ft). Kourou is the main town on an "administrative district" of French Guyana. There have been several phases launched by the French government to combat illegal gold mining in French Guiana, beginning with Operation Anaconda beginning in 2003, followed by Operation Harpie in 2008, 2009 and Operation Harpie Reinforce in 2010. [citation needed] After de Gaulle was elected as president of France, he established the Guiana Space Centre in 1965. French Guiana has a tropical rainforest climate predominant.